Jackalyn Rainosek – A Brief History of Same-Sex Marriage in the United States

Jackalyn Rainosek is the co-owner of DTP-Leadership, Houston, Texas. She and her life-partner Liz Cloud have been together for twenty-one years, and were married on November 6th, 2015.   November 6th was their twenty-one-year anniversary, and that is the reason they decided to get married on that day.

Same-sex marriage was legalized in the United States after the Supreme Court ruling in the Obergefell v. Hodges that stated state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional. The Supreme Court also ruled that the denying marriage licenses to same-sex couples and not recognizing same-sex marriages performed in other jurisdictions violates the Due Process and the Equal Protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.

A Brief History of Same-Sex Marriage

The move to obtain civil marriage rights for same-sex couples in the US started in the 1970s. In 1971, in the case of Baker v. Nelson, the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that denying a marriage license to same-sex couples did not violate the United States Constitution. The issue of same-sex marriage did not become a prominent issue in the country until the Hawaii Supreme Court ruling in 1993, in the Baehr v. Lewin case, where the court declared that the state’s prohibition was unconstitutional.

National polls conducted in the United States since 2011 showed that a majority of the population supported same-sex marriages. At this time, several countries around the world had already opened marriages for same-sex couples. In the United States, however, numerous states passed bans against legalizing same-sex marriages.

On May 17, 2004, Massachusetts became the first state in the U.S. to legalize same-sex marriages following the ruling by the Supreme Judicial Court in the Goodridge v. Department of Public Health case. On January 16, 2015, the United States Supreme Court agreed to hear four cases on whether individual states may ban same-sex marriages, or refuse to recognize such marriages as legal. On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples can marry and have their marriages recognized.

Jackalyn Rainosek and Liz Cloud were married by a Judge, who is a good friend of theirs, and loves them both.


About Jackalyn Rainosek

Jackalyn Rainosek is presently working as a facilitator of learning as the co-owner of DTP Leadership Group, LLC.
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